Via Cirrilo-Methodiana - Itinerario culturale del Consiglio d'Europa


Escursione a forma di stella a Velehrad

Itinerario della Via Cirillo-Methodiana in Cechia

Benvenuti in un percorso con 928,5 km di sentieri segnalati e ben curati nella Repubblica Ceca. . Un percorso che confonde il confine tra pellegrino e turista. In collaborazione con il Club escursionistico ceco, sono stati creati percorsi segnalati di lunga distanza che collegano i principali luoghi di pellegrinaggio della Moravia e della Boemia per singoli e gruppi di turisti. I sentieri dell'Itinerario Cirillo e Metodio fanno riferimento alle radici culturali degli Slavi legate all'arrivo dei fratelli tessalonicesi, i santi Cirillo e Metodio, nella Grande Moravia. Sui cartelli del Club escursionistico ceco si trovano adesivi blu scuro con il simbolo bianco della Via Cirillo-Methodiana.

Sono segnalati i sentieri in Cechia che portano a Velehrad da cinque direzioni, ad esempio da Jablunkov via Pustevny nei Monti Beschidi, da Skalka vicino a Trenčín in Slovacchia via Uherské Hradiště, o da Šaštín attraverso i siti della Grande Moravia di Kopčany e Mikulčice. È anche possibile camminare da Levý Hradec, vicino a Praga, passando per Sázava e Křtiny, o da Svatý Kopeček passando per Olomouc e Kroměříž. 

Cosa ci aspetta?

Il nostro consiglio:

Portate con voi cibo e bevande in abbondanza, poiché in alcuni tratti del sentiero non è possibile acquistare cibo durante l'escursione. 

Da che parte stiamo camminando?

Distribuzione consigliata delle tappe di un giorno, compreso l'alloggio nelle destinazioni finali.

Wisla (PL) - Velehrad

The 200 km long trail will take you mostly through the pleasing countryside of Silesia and Moravian Wallachia. You can start in Visla, Poland, a well-known sports and tourist resort, and continue via Malý and Velký Stožek across the border to Jablunkov in the Czech Republic. Here you can visit the unique World Museum and the Bible Library located in a former monastery. On your journey through the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy Mountains – a vast protected landscape area in the Czech Republic – you will climb many mountains, such as Kozubová, Vyšní Kamenitý, or Bílý Kříž.
Through the popular resort of Bílá, which is frequented by tourists year-round, and the equally popular Pustevny you will reach Radhošt’, 1129 m above sea level. From there you can continue via Rožnov pod Radhoštěm with its Wallachian Open Air Museum or Svatý Hostýn – an important pilgrimage site – as far as Velehrad, a major place of veneration of Saints Cyril and Methodius.

Velehrad - Mikulov

Il percorso collega tre grandi catene montuose, ovvero Chřiby, il Carso moravo e l'area protetta di Pálava, e collega inoltre luoghi con una ricca tradizione spirituale e culturale. Velehrad, Křtiny, Brno, Rajhrad e Mikulov. Gli amanti della natura troveranno pane per i loro denti. Sul territorio della Repubblica Ceca, il percorso unisce il Cammino di Cirillo e Metodio e il Cammino di Santiago e prosegue da Mikulov verso l'Austria e l'Italia.

Svatý Kopeček - Velehrad

The trail of the Cyril and Methodius Route represents an ideological connection between the beginnings of the church structure in the Great Moravian period and the present-day centre of the Moravian Church. The marked route begins at the Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary at Svatý Kopeček near Olomouc, a popular destination for admirers of Baroque beauty as well as many pilgrims and the heart of the parish, where the most precious mysteries of the faith take place. Our steps take us further to Olomouc, the seat of the Archbishop Metropolitan of Moravia, the direct successor to Archbishop Methodius. Olomouc boasts a UNESCO World Heritage Site – the Holy Trinity Column, as well as the Archbishop’s Palace and St. Wenceslas Cathedral. In the period of Great Moravia, Olomouc was a strategic place at the crossroads of trade routes.
The pilgrimage church in Dub nad Moravou can be visited further along the route. The beautiful Baroque shrine with two 59-metre high spires is one of the largest churches in Moravia. The trail continues through Tovačov, which is dominated by a chateau of the same name with a tower 96 metres high. It also passes by the famous Tovačov lakes and ponds. Another interesting stop is the town of Kroměříž, which was declared the Czech Republic’s most beautiful historical town in 1997 and a year later the local Archbishop’s Castle, together with the Flower Garden and the Castle Garden, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The trail ends at Velehrad, where the Cyril and Methodius trails converge from several directions.

Skalka vicino a Trenčín - Velehrad

The trail from Skalka u Trenčína to Velehrad connects one of the oldest pilgrimage sites on the Moravian-Slovak border and brings us back to the time of medieval monasteries, when Christian thought was being formed. Slavs, who had engaged in the slave trade found inner dignity and developed their own culture, even in the written form with the introduction of the first Slavic script, the Glagolitic alphabet. Follow in the footsteps of the legacy of Great Moravia through the captivating landscape of the White Carpathians (UNESCO Biosphere Reserve) and the Prakšice Highland and listen to the stories that bring it to life.
You will discover real gems – impressive pilgrimage sites, the quaint Kopanice around Žítková, the remarkable museum in Bojkovice, the spa culture of the magnificent Luhačovice and the royal town of Uherské Hradiště, Staré Město and Modrá associated with the Great Moravian period. The Cyril and Methodius Route thus puts the sites that have significantly influenced the local cultural environment on a string like beads. The countless cultural events associated with the unique atmosphere and hospitality along this trail are proof that the local people still draw their life force from traditions and preserved nature. Let them inspire you!

Hodonín - Velehrad

The trail starts in Hodonín with its good train and bus connections. From there, you will want visit the important centre of Moravia: the Mikulčice–Kopčany Archaeological Park. Mikulčice is home to the most extensive archaeological site, while the only partially preserved church from the 9th century can be seen in Kopčany. Both locations are now connected by the Great Moravia footbridge. Your journey will take you to Holíč, where you will find a Baroque castle with fortifications – the former summer residence of the Habsburgs. From Skalica you will pass through a total of four ports on the Bata Canal. Take the opportunity to rent a boat and try sailing on this unique piece of waterways engineering. Along the way, don’t miss Petrov, famous for its ornately painted wine cellars located at Plže, and Strážnice, with its open-air museum of villages of south-east Moravia and the chateau with its grounds, where the International Folklore Festival takes place.
From there the route runs through uninhabited countryside. Enjoy especially the pine forests near Bzenec, which are a favourite destination of mushroom pickers each September and October. The trail continues through open countryside between fields and vineyards, offering beautiful views. An interesting location is Žeravice, where J. A. Comenius, “the teacher of nations”, was ordained a priest. Next, you will reach the Chřiby Mountains, which is a very interesting area not only in terms of natural history, but also from the historical point of view. Let yourself be enchanted by romantic forest sceneries with rocks, springs, streams, valleys, lookouts, and numerous archaeological sites.

Levý Hradec - Velehrad

The connection of Bohemia and Moravia between Levý Hradec and Velehrad continues with its extreme touches to the ancient nodes of the spread of faith, education and culture, originally in the direction from east to west, as we know. Today, the pilgrimage trail, with a 40-year tradition, is mainly directed in the eastern direction towards Velehrad, the most important pilgrimage site in our country. From the Church of St. Clement in Levý Hradec, the oldest standing church in Bohemia, the trail winds its way through our metropolis via Prague Castle and then along the Vltava River past the ancient centre of Slavic learning, Emmaus under Vyšehrad. At Kunratice, it leaves Prague towards the famous Průhonice Park and continues to climb along the Botič river basin to its source, from where it sinks into the depths of the forests along the Sázava river.
Despite the fame of the local breweries in Velke Popovice and Kácov, this region is dominated by the town of Sázava with its monastery, where St. Procopius raised Slavic liturgy and writing for the western part of our country thousands of years ago. Passing the meanders of the Sázava with views of castles and chateaux in Rataj, Český Šternberk, Zruč, Ledeč or Světlá, our path will rest at another pilgrimage site at Ždár na Zelená Hora with the church of St. Jan Nepomucký, decorated with Santini’s architecture. After crossing the watershed, when we leave the Sázava basin and enter the Svratka basin, the local church of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Vítochov near Bystřice nad Pernštejnem reminds us of our approach to Velehrad, not only by coming to Moravia. From Bystřice, the road slowly yet steadily descends to Tišnov with its Romanesque monastery …. With tradition…
A stage further on, the Paulan monastery in Vranov, with its silent appearance, introduces us symbolically into the unbridled nature of the Moravian Karst, through which we travel through deep forests to Křtiny, to the pilgrimage church of the Virgin Mary’s name, again by chance from the hand of Santini. The final part of the pilgrimage trail through the famous Slavkov to the Chřiby Uplands offers a tour of the castle in Buchlov, as well as quiet and long forest trails along the Chřiby ridge until the moment when the longed-for descent to Velehrad and the view of the cathedral opens up before the pilgrim.

Perché percorrere i sentieri della Via Cirillo-Methodiana?

I sentieri a lunga percorrenza della Via Cirillo-Methodiana invitano a visitare luoghi di pellegrinaggio e siti archeologici che hanno contribuito in modo significativo allo sviluppo della cultura slava. Sono segnalati in entrambe le direzioni e incoraggiano a vagare senza confini, non solo statali.

Cosa si può ottenere?

Forse a tutti piace portare con sé qualcosa dalle escursioni, sia che si tratti di oggetti turistici che di souvenir. Se avete intenzione di percorrere la Via Cirillo-Methodiana, abbiamo preparato i seguenti materiali stampati per motivarvi a percorrere il sentiero: