Cyril and Methodius Route – Cultural Route of the Council of Europe

The Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia

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The Patriarchal Basilica

The Basilica of Aquileia makes an extraordinary architectural complex. The church today is essentially the result of the architectural works promoted by bishop (patriarch) Poppo (1019- 1042), who consecrated it in 1031. However, its origins go back to the second decade of the 4th century. By the end of the same century, under the rule of bishop Chromatius, the edifice had grown into the current dimensions, except for the transept and apse with the underground crypt.

A remarkable construction step comes in the early 9th century, under Patriarch Maxentius, who added a porch (originally on two floors) to connect the basilica with the Pagans’ Church, as well as the two jutting portions of the transept, and the apse. The reorganization promoted by Poppo in the 11th century included the refurbishing of the façade with a central mullioned window, and the fresco decoration of the apse. The two sets of 10 columns were provided with new capitals and a 73 m-high campanile was erected. Further works were carried out after an earthquake in 1348. In 1909 the floor of Poppo’s times was excavated up to the sanctuary portion to bring to light a mosaic floor belonging to the church erected during the rule of emperor Constantine, which was lying about one metre below.

What can you visit here?

It was filmed about the basilica

the Excavation Crypt

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The Frescoes in the Apse

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Aquileia Constantinian Basilica

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Information from history

HISTORY OF THE BASILICA

The original church dates back to the fourth century. The current basilica was built in the eleventh century and partially rebuilt again in the thirteenth century. It is located on Via Sacra, overlooking the Piazza del Capitolo, along with the campanile and baptistery.

Where to get tourist information?

Contacts

Basilica di Aquileia

Piazza Chapter 1 - 33051 Aquileia (UD), Italy
tel. +39 0431 91067
e-mail: amministrazione@basilicadiaquileia.it
web: www.basilicadiaquileia.it

Fondazione Aquileia

Via Patriarca Popone 7, 33051 Aquileia (UD), Italy
tel. +39 0431 917619
e-mail: protocollo@fondazioneaquileia.it
web: www.fondazioneaquileia.it

Infopoint PromoTurismoFVG - Aquileia

Via Iulia Augusta 11, 33051 AQUILEIA (UD)
tel. +39 0431 919491
e-mail: info.aquileia@promoturismo.fvg.it
web: www.turismofvg.it

How to get to basilica?

BY CAR
On A4 motorway, exit at Palmanova. Follow the directions to Aquileia-Grado on SR 352 road. As you reach Aquileia along Via Julia Augusta street, follow the silhouette of the Campanile to reach Piazza Capitolo, 1.

BY TRAIN
Railway Station: Cervignano-Aquileia-Grado. Then, take public transport (Saf or Apt buses) to reach Aquileia. Get off at “Aquileia Centro”, then follow the silhouette of the Campanile to reach the Basilica (5 minutes’ walk).

Tips for accommodation?