Cyril and Methodius Route – Cultural Route of the Council of Europe

Bunč - Velehrad

King’s Table

The memorable King’s Table is shrouded in many legends, especially relating to the Great Moravian past of the Central Moravia. For many years it has been the focus of archaeologists who have been trying to find an answer to the question of the real origin and purpose of this monument. The King’s Table is a block of coarse-grained sandstone measuring approximately 263 x 187 cm and approximately 1 m high. It was considered by some researchers to be a megalithic dolmen, which was supposed to serve as a visor to determine the equinoxes and solstices. Not only the markers on the stone block itself, but especially the surrounding stones, formerly called “benches”, destroyed in 1870, were intended for this purpose.

Although it may have been an iconic site, the function of the astronomical visor is questionable. However, it undeniably served for centuries as a natural landmark of one part of the boundary of the Velehrad Cistercian monastery. It was first mentioned in a deed defining the monastery’s goods in 1228. On the occasion of the solemn consecration of the monastery church on 27 November 1228, Přemysl Otakar I issued a privilege at Velehrad defining the extent of the monastery’s land tenure. The King’s Table remained as a natural landmark of this boundary until the 18th century. It was also on this spot that on 6 October 1706 a treaty on the mutual boundary was concluded between the Velehrad monastery and Jan Sigismund, Count of Rottal, lord of the Napajedla estate.